Pediatric Infectious Disease in West Hills
Childhood diseases are a common reason why parents take their children to see a physician. While most of the infections are not serious and kids recover naturally or with the use of over-the-counter drugs, the attention of a pediatric infectious disease specialist is needed for more severe illnesses such as persistent fevers, enlarged lymph nodes, Lyme disease, pneumonia and other prolonged or recurrent infections.
The pediatric infectious disease department of any health center or pediatric care center focuses on providing consultative and primary care in both outpatient and inpatient settings for children with fungal or viral infections. Diagnosis and treatment are offered for infections in organs such as the brain, heart, liver, lungs, intestines, pancreas, spinal cord, kidneys, bones and joints, skin and bloodstream.
Which are the common pediatric infectious diseases?
Rubella or German Measles – Rubella may cause mild symptoms such as a runny nose, mild fever, swollen nodes and rashes. Childhood vaccination can effectively prevent this disease.
Scarlet Fever – Once dreaded as a deadly pediatric disease, this condition can actually be treated successfully using antibiotics.
Croup – This childhood disease is caused by the same group of viruses that cause common cold. Its characteristic symptom is barking cough.
Hand, foot and mouth disease - Hand, foot and mouth disease causes sores and blisters in the mouth, on the soles of the feet and on palms. It should not be confused with foot-and-mouth, a disease that infects only livestock.
Fifth disease – Also known as slapped cheek disease, fifth disease causes red rashes on the cheeks and sometimes on the legs and upper arms. The itchy rash usually lasts a couple of days before receding naturally.
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) – RSV shows symptoms such as cough and runny nose, and is usually difficult to differentiate from cold and flu. It is one of the biggest culprits behind bronchiolitis and pneumonia for babies below the age of one. If your baby experiences wheezing, consider taking them to a physician to be checked for RSV.
Chickenpox – This infection appears suddenly with a short fever. A rash that looks like a blister may then develop on the face, body and scalp before spreading to the limbs. Childhood vaccination is the best way to prevent this disease.
What are the common treatment options for pediatric infectious disease?
The following treatments can be used in different combinations or orders for specific pediatric infectious diseases:
Antifungals – These are used to treat fungal infections such as candidiasis and ringworm. They may also be part of the medication for more serious infections such as cryptococcal meningitis.
Antivirals – Antivirals are a class of drugs used specifically to treat viral infections such as herpes and influenza.
Antibiotics – Antibiotics are used in the treatment of bacterial infections. They generally have no effect on infections caused by fungi and bacteria.
Get your child checked for pediatric infectious disease
Some of the infections your child is at risk of do not show obvious symptoms in their early stages of development. You're thus advised to see a pediatrician occasionally even if your child seems healthy. Call us today to learn more about pediatric infectious disease and schedule an appointment with one of our specialists in West Hills.